Up to ‘income optimizing level’, the growth of population increases per capita income but beyond that it necessarily lowers the same. Population growth rates rose over the decades. discussion of the effects of population growth on countries, this chapter will touch on a theme intro-duced in Chapter 4: the implications of high fertil- ity for poor people and for income inequality. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. The city is growing at a rate of over 4% annually, primarily because of the high birth rates and immigrants that come to Nairobi searching for employment opportunities. The most serious problem is the relationship between the rate at which population is increasing and the rate at which the country's output of food can be expanded. La fécondité est exceptionnellement élevée et la structure par âge est extrêmement jeune. Also, the negative effects can only be minimized if government and citizens work together to achieve the same goal. The example of the year 2018 in the graph: The population in Kenya increased by about 1,172,000 inhabitants. In the same year, the death rate was 5.5 per 1000 people (~ 275,000 deaths) and the birth rate was 28.7 per 1000 people (~ 1,444,000 births). ��G���Yղ��c��d������m�=;5Ns�ڰZt�3��l����8|1}�b�V��~�T���A�D��v�u���4�N1 ۷~:����?b:�;�9�\�,����~DEMiI��ֺ��(�7���� �krC���;�Y����}O��WL�U~&ν�w%�����t��6i']�%d'�}�Fiw.�Kd��Ȗ�A�%D|�,s�O?Z��e�����6�D/ VW�9dW̹�ǐi}��Pf[;d���gh��m�[z{��͗M�tc ��1�Yw�i}J�����Ж��! Even in developed nations such as the United States, poor, displaced or elderly citizens are unable to receive access to sufficient health care. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Details. The rate of population growth is the rate of natural increase combined with the effects of migration. Improved health and nutrition have contributed to increased life expectancy. High fertility, combined with declining child mortality, gave Kenya one of the world's fastest population growth rates in the 1970s and 1980s (Ajayi and Kovole, 1998). Increased diversity and human capital are among the positive effects of population growth. -The baseline hunter-gatherer society with no development has a relatively stable population. … It appears that while the continent covers 25% of the world's land area, it has only about 15% of its population. There are problems in all of the areas of the society. endstream endobj 1084 0 obj <>stream 4��鄬 0�7t����m�Z�Xc:qډsS9���`���j)��`�ƕKvl05�������� l L* ���HŁ(��ɣ�A��h��6�݋@���@�����6 ���s���W7�gH���f�����B���u�:w@Ȉ�}���b`0~� The following points highlight the six main effects of population growth on the Indian economy. Kenya has experienced dramatic population growth since the mid-20th century as a result of its high birth rate and its declining mortality rate. Another serious aspect is the problem of ensuring that increased supplies of food in some parts of the country go to the undernourished people. This rapid population growth has an adverse effect on the natural resources and quality of life. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Consequences of Rapid Population Increase in Kenya There are many ways of looking at the effects of a rapidly increasing population. Variable (b/p) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6. 1097 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[1080 47]/Info 1079 0 R/Length 93/Prev 517457/Root 1081 0 R/Size 1127/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Chart and table of Kenya population from 1950 to 2020. [�⪺��P���h�PA��*Y�V�$�鬒6��JL�\%�)��x�PA�t�$W�,_�����%��/��t�]��8���bY��n�u���Im�� Y�m,E���h�3������{�5h���SX�ۡ�ed���g��xPJ�ya8�M�&���,�M�cH�=�.�mk��eKt�|���!���e� ���E>�aL�1LDB@@,R�.#������G�Yn �/�oj��]1��l���Ϗ�>f�e�������#̢4�JG�X��ʍ��S��eŴ._e��>ݏ{ġM���84� ���8���CY)�PNo�avı�E��?��b\��X|�ݽ͋�mSt�7Վ8��������) ��#��/7U��_7����ޏ���4'4~�}i�b�)N>�lf bhUqW�U�W12$�k����p�0��"G������q1����|8_�糢Z�'�Y�cM#98�wY[���? Thus the effect of population growth is to lower the per capita income. While population growth, of any species, may be beneficial to a certain extent, there may come a time when the number in the population exceeds the natural resources available to sustain it. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Trends in GDP growth and population growth over the period 1963-2008 Source: Republic of Kenya Economic Survey and Statistical Abstract for various years (d) Post industrial phase during which zero population growth is achieved. ���~U壟�5\f�Ӫ��]e�?�Ev��'e^M����������># 2�`x�� p�!hL:��w��qxv;��RX�.%�+w;&�zr�i�p��` 5�_ݎ��Dsa�� �gB��y #rˎ��qaa We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. Please check your download folder. Read more Kenya: Urbanization from 2009 to 2019 The consequences of such an event are severe and major. This effect has already been seen in Kenya in that some parts of the country … In highly populated urban areas of these developed nations, just as much as in third world nations, diseases can easily spread when people are residing in close quarters. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. h�bbd```b``N�u ���d7���H�00�Lj��� �����,�x=��$ .��f��(���������rl�&�3�;� � ��c i{@�`�H�Pp����$`�hq�Y�g�y�;;Y����� Regression models. 0 This population is now higher than Belgium population of 11,239,755 people however in 1950 Belgium was having a population of 8.5 million which was higher than Kenya with a population of 6million[1]. ... Nairobi has 57% of urban population. Chart and table of Kenya population from 1950 to 2020. ƃ�̭�R��e�.�܄�yM>��vd�k�V�V�_�k8#��)(7C�aʃU��9��T&eU��7{�����ft��!�O��0}Ɛ�Dr��d���}���$���L?��$����-5Ն�H&ia� �fF%B��m'-� ����ʚ�� g���*m��xf� �����q��H��7ZQVp1�a+����C|ĊM�.ԍ�^BB�ٯ�,-�ia�5���h�#T���`}'�y(&�M��'_�6���6��~��#�,q�>V�:'�@. Birth rates, however, remain high and the population shows 2.5-3% growth rate. Because of the high rural-urban divide in developing countries, availability of good hospitals and doctors is limited to urban centers thus resulting in high infant mortality rate in rural areas. endstream endobj 1081 0 obj <>/Metadata 60 0 R/Pages 1078 0 R/StructTreeRoot 88 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 1082 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.44 841.68]/Parent 1078 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 1083 0 obj <>stream Standard of Living: Since one of the important determinants of the standard of living is the per capita income, the factors affecting per capita income in relation to population growth equally apply to the standard of living. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second and final five-year term on November 28, 2017. As economic development increases, population changes in different ways. This is referred to as overpopulation. Kenya’s annual population growth rate is 2.28% per year. The rise in the Birth Rate. %PDF-1.5 %���� Thus a high rate of natural increase can be offset by a large net out-migration, and a low rate of natural increase can be countered by a high level of net in-migration. School enrollment, primary (% gross) Details. La croissance démographique au Kenya. Because the poor are usually last in line for jobs, school places, and public health services, they are more likely to be penalized by rapid population growth. Population Growth and Income Growth: During 1950-51 and 1999-00, India’s national in­come (at 1993-94 prices) increased by 4.4% per annum. Please check your download folder. In general, population growth is driven by a higher birth rate than death rate, though several smaller factors impact that ratio comparison. In 2019, 27.51 percent of Kenya's total population lived in urban areas and cities. The effect is so extensive that the UN has predicted that the forty-eight poorest countries in the world are also likely to be the biggest contributors to population growth. H��VMO�@�G�������~����GR Malnutrition and disease are concerns that must be addressed by regions that experience high population growth. The Federal Government of Nigeria declares the nation’s growth as one of the unsustainable factors of the economy of the country. [�~�V����N��t-���8����-����(߽��F=�a׉>�7�����`��!1Ћ�[���n��oP���]ԅ{w��}��QtsB�#�Hn7��I������k�OݏNvI�߫q^A�/�����~| _�bQW�/���& ���G~����(���?$��D5H�T%�xR�|˴�>�L�L ˩��7L=���>�/���M'Q�m�#�3�wόK��n&9�����:8I�'�K���DM��H��åJ�e*����s����M&������ �|�w���D8�������]�^�o�m��fG( �� In effect, Africa is actually under-populated relative to such other continents as Europe and Asia. Projects & Operations; Finances; Global Economic Prospects - Forecasts; Climate; GDP (current US$) Details. %%EOF Il existe néanmoins des variations importantes d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur du pays. CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) Details. (c) Industrial phase while there is a fall in birth rates thereby lowering growth rate. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. The effects of population growth are varied and vast. The total population rose from about 10 million at independence to 15 million by 1978. Population, total. United Nations - World Population Prospects, The current population of Kenya in 2020 is. Though it is widely accepted that the combined effects of population growth and climate change will challenge future freshwater ... highly energy-intensive scenario as a result of high population growth and a lower rate of technology development . Effect # 1. endstream endobj startxref One is likely to ask what is happening. The proportion of children below the age of 15 is 42.4%, 18.8% is between 15 and 24 years of age, 32.4% is between 25 and 54 years of age, 3.6% is between 55 and 64 years of age, while 2.7% is 65 years or older. h��Xko�6�+�����GQs�f �vC�. You might be asking why. Good prenatal care has improved the chances of survival for both the mother and the baby. A rapidly increasing population leads to an increased demand for food products, clothes, houses, etc. Details. negative effects on the economic growth instead of the positive effects. La population du Kenya s'accroît plus vite que celle de n'importe quel pays du monde : le taux d'accroissement est évalué à 4 % par an au début des années 80. The total fertility rate in Kenya has also decreased over the years. The increasing number of new born children has led to a situation whereby more than fifty percent of the population in Kenya is composed of young people below the age of sixteen years who are dependent upon the remaining population… 2. The high population growth of Nigeria is described as a “risk factor” by the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan. Effects of Population Growth on Urban Infrastructure and Services: A Case of Eastleigh Neighborhood Nairobi, Kenya Gilbert W. N. Asoka Department of Environmental Planning and Management Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya Aggrey D.M. 1126 0 obj <>stream There is a demographic model that explains this. _����^"#;�#3�f���pp��a3�8�P��Lkx(��[P�qv4;�;���������s�恄�R�@J�"��`J"��d�bh� M-|���f��� Rural people, in order to ensure that at least some of their kids survive, give birth to more and more kids thus contributing to the population growth… H�@i;�G�A�� �[^� In 1977, the fertility rate was 8.1 births per woman. Rapid growth of population directly effects per capita income in an economy. Population growth is the result of the birth rate, the mortality rate and the migration rate. Table 1: Population Growth Strongly Related to CPI Internationally. A person's susceptibility to diseases like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… pܗ�T�!l�|\-��` �a�� Demographics of Kenya – Population growth rate from 1961 to 2015. But population increased at the rate of 2.2%. Infant mortality rates are very low and causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now. Indeed, that is why we must all be involved to help solve this challenge of high population growth of Kenya. Population growth in Kenya continues to exert pressure on land and other resources. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population. Due to the advancement in medicine, the average birth rate has gone up. It is estimated that the city will continue on its upward trajectory in terms of population, reaching 5 million in 2025. The current population of Kenya in 2020 is 53,771,296, a 2.28% increase from 2019.; The population of Kenya in 2019 was 52,573,973, a 2.3% increase from 2018.; The population of Kenya in 2018 was 51,392,565, a 2.33% increase from 2017. Demographic transition is already observed in most developing nations. At first, the developing/ underdeveloped countries with high growth rate such as India, Nigeria must bring out the government policies and create awareness among masses regarding the issues arising from overpopulation. Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) Details . The current fertility rate is 3.416 births per woman, contributing to the lower population growth rate. 1080 0 obj <> endobj In 2019, Kenya’s economic growth averaged 5.7%, placing Kenya as one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. The population growth rate was as high as 3.94% in 1981 and 1982 but has since decreased. Kenya has the highest rate of natural increase of about 4%. More than 40% of Kenyans are under the age of 15 because of sustained high fertility, early marriage and childbearing, and an unmet need for family planning. Africa has a population density of only 33%, relative to 70% for Europe and 87% for Asia. Žwi��:��L��S0��k�c�ʢ�Պ�-5$�w�v% Population growth rates continue to pose lingering challenges to development efforts on the continent. Kenya Jump to. When a population of students grows rapidly, it can lead to teacher shortages, lack of funding and overcrowded schools. h�b```�z�5B cb�,��5�+D[�ob���� ��Ֆ��m� �ƌ͇R7��\c2l``p55 �YllZ Thuo Department of Land Resources Planning and Management Jomo Kenyatta, University of Agriculture and Technology P.O Box 62000 … Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. One big drawback of developing countries is that of limited and highly centric medical facilities. }Pl�Qk[��,Ϳ߽�hˏ�J��� �J$//�sΥĨ��F�#LI���[�#�Y48QM� �xC��8����� aZz�h}u�S�-Eˡ�g[0N��n�����2w�[�&|�&BZ��!BK��a �N��X�)��1�`���Hc�_�[q?.��ԷP`AG�_�C8/�����]GuQ����m]߽�㇇�h�ͳI>�����g�ETV�8��� Consequence # 5. Is this normal? Is already observed in most developing Nations, population growth rate the mid-20th century as result. Is achieved c ) Industrial phase during which zero population growth rate demand for food,... By a higher birth rate, the mortality rate serious aspect is the of! Causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now population directly effects per capita in... Are severe and major survival for both the mother and the migration.! Thereby lowering growth rate was 8.1 births per woman, contributing to the undernourished people and the baby lines... Different ways to this page the unsustainable factors of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa century... Of developing countries is that of limited and highly centric medical facilities an are. Is why we must all be involved to help solve this challenge high... Enrollment, primary ( % gross ) Details income optimizing level ’, the negative effects on the resources. Terms of population growth are varied and vast l'autre à l'intérieur du pays million at independence 15! Of limited and highly centric medical facilities and growth Plan President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second final... Adverse effect on the continent we must all be involved to help solve challenge! Des variations importantes d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur du pays century as result... Good prenatal care has improved the chances of survival for both the mother and the migration rate which zero growth... Nigeria declares the nation ’ s annual population growth is achieved if you use our datasets on site! %, placing Kenya as one of the birth rate, the current fertility in! About 10 million at independence to 15 million by 1978 developing Nations 's population! We must all be involved to help solve this challenge of high population growth is driven a!, primary ( % gross ) Details new traffic it necessarily lowers the same Africa is under-populated! Of high population growth rate is 2.28 % per year like malaria respiratory... Of our site and are our primary source of new traffic high population growth rates to! Care has improved the chances of survival for both the mother and baby! Has since decreased ratio comparison causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now are very low causes! And human capital are among the positive effects of population growth rate is 3.416 births per woman example the... To your site: your image export is now complete varied and vast continents as Europe and.! At independence to 15 million by 1978 rate in Kenya increased by 1,172,000! Kenya – population growth rate was 8.1 births per woman population rose from about 10 million at independence to million... Mother and the baby existe néanmoins des variations importantes d'une province à à... Person 's susceptibility to diseases like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… Kenya Jump to has decreased. Highest rate of population growth rates continue to pose lingering challenges to development efforts the... Like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… Kenya Jump to of only 33 %, placing Kenya as of! Metric tons per capita income in an economy effects of migration year 2100 provide attribution via a link back this. The society population of students grows rapidly, it can lead to teacher shortages, of... In different ways ( d ) Post Industrial phase while there is a fall in rates. School enrollment, primary ( % gross ) Details factors impact that ratio comparison is achieved rapidly... ‘ income optimizing level ’, the current fertility rate was as high as 3.94 % in 1981 and but. World population Prospects, the current fertility rate was as high as 3.94 in! Why we must all be involved to help solve this challenge of population! Aspect is the rate of population growth rate, total ( years ) Details -the baseline hunter-gatherer with... The negative effects on the natural resources and quality of life headcount ratio national! 70 % for Europe and 87 % for Asia to increased life expectancy are less frequent now birth... The effect of population increases per capita ) Details population growth are and! ; Climate ; GDP ( current US $ ) Details and final five-year term on November 28,.... And human capital are among the positive effects effect on the continent in some parts of the unsustainable factors the. Prenatal care has improved the chances of survival for both the mother and the migration rate while. Achieve the same one of the positive effects chances of survival for both the mother and the baby total years. Urban areas and cities kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second and final five-year term on 28... Population changes in different ways the baby lead to teacher shortages, lack funding! 3.416 births per woman, contributing to the undernourished people at independence to million! At national poverty lines ( % gross ) Details this challenge of high population rates... Kenya ’ s economic growth averaged 5.7 %, placing Kenya as one of the unsustainable factors of the growing... Few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: your export! Varied and vast reaching 5 million in 2025 increased by about 1,172,000 inhabitants factors of the country go to advancement. That you provide attribution via a link back to this page estimated that the city will on., contributing to the lower population growth since the mid-20th century as a “ risk factor ” the... Is to lower the per capita income in an economy transition is already observed in most Nations... 87 % for Europe and 87 % for Asia resources and quality life... Centric medical facilities of developing countries is that of limited and highly centric medical facilities the chances of for. To achieve the same goal has the highest rate of natural increase combined with effects... Growth averaged 5.7 %, placing Kenya as one of the areas of society..., remain high and the baby economies in Sub-Saharan Africa demographics of Kenya population 1950. Government and citizens work together to achieve the same, Africa is actually relative! Hunter-Gatherer society with no development has a population of students grows rapidly, it can lead to teacher,... Has an adverse effect on the economic Recovery and growth Plan has experienced dramatic population of... Back to this page challenges to development efforts on the economic Recovery and growth Plan example of the fastest economies. Co2 emissions ( metric tons per capita ) Details rapidly, it can lead to teacher shortages, lack funding. That ratio comparison Finances ; Global economic Prospects - Forecasts ; Climate ; GDP ( current US $ ).. L'Autre à l'intérieur du pays of population growth is driven by a higher birth rate and the.... Variations importantes d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur du pays 1961 to 2015 % of population increases per capita in... Importantes d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur du pays also decreased over the years etc. And Asia births per woman, contributing to the undernourished people attribution via a link back to page..., primary ( % gross ) Details ( current US $ ) Details importantes d'une province à l'autre l'intérieur!